HIV is not transmitted by day-to-day activities or by contact with objects, food or clothes.
The following list includes just a few a few examples of questions we get from people worried about HIV.
most of these questions come from a combination of fear and ignorance. They come from a lack of confidence in understanding HIV transmission.
YOU CANNOT BE INFECTED WITH HIV BY:
* Getting sexual fluid on cut that has already healed over. A cut has to be open to be a risk of HIV.
* Using a knife/fork/spoon/cup/plate that an HIV positive person might have used.
* Eating any food, cooked or uncooked, with blood on it.
* Cleaning nail clippers.
* Getting sexual fluid on skin.
* From sterile needle at a clinic or other health centre.
* From blood on a bus seat that went through your underwear.
* From living in the same house as someone who is HIV positive.
* From an insect bite including a mosquito bite.
* From a sewing needle if you stab your finger.
* From an animal.
* From a human bite.
THE EFFECTIVE BARRIERS AGAINST HIV.
There are many effective barriers that prevent infection.
AIR: HIV is not transmitted by air .
SALIVA: Saliva contains proteins and low salt content that actively reduce its infectiousness. Even when HIV is detected it is unlikely to be in sufficient quantity to cause infection. HIV is not transmitted by kissing including deep kissing. Split cannot transmit HIV.
SKIN: Skin is an excellent barrier against HIV, unless there is an open cut or open wound. Infectious fluid on skin is not a route for infection.
MUCOUS MEMBRANES IN THE MOUTH,THROAT AND STOMACH: These membranes are good barriers against HIV infection, so long as there are no cuts, ulcers or sores.
LATEX AND RUBBER: Condoms prevent infection from HIV and many other sexually transmitted infections.
MANY SEXUAL SITUATIONS HAVE NO RISK OF TRANSMITTING HIV.
These include masturbation ( by yourself or with a partner), kissing and deep kissing, receiving oral sex and vaginal or anal sex using a condom correctly.
HOW IS HIV TRANSMITTED
The risk of HIV transmission is related to different factors. These include:
* Which body fluids are infectious.
* How infections occurs – often called the ‘routes of infection’
* Other risk factors including viral load, type of sex, genetics etc.
Only some bodily fluids have the potential to be infectious. They are;
* Sexual fluids (semen and vaginal fluid).
* Breast milk is infectious to a baby but is unlikely to be infectious to an adult.
* Tears may be infectious but this is more of a theoretical caution than a likely route of actual transmission.
* Mucus from the vagina and anus.
Saliva, split, urine and faeces are not infectious for HIV.
HPAN – CEO